How To Achieve A Perfect Result With Gundrilling

Posted by Andrea Wilson on Feb 2, 2018 9:41:24 AM

How To Achieve A Perfect Result With Gundrilling

When carried out using the right equipment and with the right training, gundrilling delivers reliable results each time. This is the reason the technique – which you may also know as deep hole drilling – is so widely used in manufacturing. Hundreds of aerospace, automotive and medical components, among others, use gun drilling to produce precision holes of almost any length.

Gundrilling is a precise science that can be tightly controlled to deliver results within very tight parameters, but there are still several factors to take into consideration. A precise result is achieved by controlling four variables, which we will look at below:

1) Fluid Volume/Flow Rate

How much coolant do you need to achieve your result? Although total volume and flow rate are technically two factors, it makes sense to deal with them together. For each revolution of your drill, you will need enough coolant to completely fill the drill hole. To determine this you need to know:

  • The speed of your drill bit in rpm
  • The diameter of the gun drill
  • The depth of the drill hole

Volume (V) and flow rate in gallons per minute (GPM) can be calculated using two simple equations:

V= (0.785x diameter2 x depth) / 231

GPM = V x RPM of drill

Doing these in order will give you a rough figure for your flow rate, e.g. 0.5 GPM. However, in practice your flow rate will always be less due to losses from friction. It is therefore important to control the pressure of your drill.

2) Pressure

Gundrilling CNC operations are high-pressure systems. Maintaining stable pressure in psi is important to retain the correct flow rate. However, blockages can occur, resulting in a build-up of pressure, which can jeopardise the safety of the machine and operators. It’s therefore important to have efficient pump sensors that can moderate the flow of coolant and avoid pressure build up. Clearing a blockage always requires more coolant volume to flush away the obstruction, but this can risk increasing pressure still further at a critical point. The answer is to have a surplus of coolant volume available on top of that which was calculated by your base equations.

3) Feed Rate

Drill feed rate affects how easily the drill cuts into the material, and how efficiently it removes swarf from the cutting zone. Your feed rate will also affect the size of the chips themselves. Higher feed rates often create a proportionately higher work hardening rate. This creates smaller chips that are easier to disperse.

Find Out More

Gundrilling is one of a number of CNC services we offer here at Hone All Precision along with Deep Hole Boring, CNC Turning and CNC Honing up to 3 metres long. 

Confused as to which service you need for your application? Get in touch with one of our team for an informal chat today. Contact us at or call us on 0845 5555 111 / 01525 370666.

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Topics: Gundrilling

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